Of the 4 states the place residents will likely be voting to legalize leisure hashish subsequent week, South Dakota often is the hardest nut to crack. Though a current ballot concluded {that a} razor-thin majority of residents assist a constitutional amendment to legalize leisure hashish within the state, the outcomes are effectively throughout the margin of error. (A separate medical marijuana initiative is broadly anticipated to move.)

Advocates within the state are up towards a deeply conservative legislature, and South Dakota’s governor, Kristi Noem (R), has made it clear that she completely opposes hashish reform. Final 12 months she even vetoed a hemp bill, claiming legalizing hemp “is an element of a bigger technique to undermine enforcement of the drug legal guidelines and make legalized marijuana inevitable.” 

But former Senate Majority Chief Tom Daschle (D) is optimistic that reform is inside attain. 


Election 2020: South Dakota cannabis legalization guide

A current convert to the legalization trigger

A South Dakota native, Daschle represented his residence state within the US Home from 1979 to 1987, after which within the US Senate from 1987 to 2005. He served as Senate majority chief from 2001 to 2003. Daschle acknowledges he’s new to the hashish reform motion.

“I didn’t advocate for authorized marijuana whereas I served within the Senate,” he just lately informed the Argus Leader, “however, like many different People, my viewpoint has vastly advanced in recent times.”

Past his vocal assist of each South Dakota legalization measures, he’s now an energetic participant within the trade: Final 12 months he joined the advisory board of Northern Swan, a New York-based hashish funding agency.

Learn on for Leafly’s unique interview with Sen. Daschle, wherein the elder statesmen dives deep into the arguments for legalizing hashish, the experiences that transformed him to a hashish believer, his sudden partnership with Chuck Parkinson—the Reagan Administration official who launched the “Say No to Medication” marketing campaign—and extra.


Polls show marijuana legalization leading as Election Day nears

Tom Daschle on hashish and the drug battle

Leafly: So how did you find yourself on the board of a global hashish funding agency?

Sen. Tom Daschle: Well being care has been a vital a part of my life for a very long time. I spent a good deal of my 26 years in Congress engaged on well being care points. That actually is what led me to the entire hashish agenda, the conclusion that hashish can contribute in a consequential manner if we give it an opportunity, if we do the analysis, if we offer the authorized infrastructure. It may be a big contributor to improved well being. We’ve already seen indications of that and there’s loads of alternative to discover much more.

I’m was curious whether or not your work at Northern Swan has knowledgeable your perspective on hashish reform?

It has. I’m a product of the ‘60s and have become a congressman within the late ‘70s after which a senator within the late ‘80s.

“My solely remorse is that I wasn’t extra engaged and extra knowledgeable at a a lot earlier stage in my life.” —Tom Daschle

I grew up with a mindset that was vastly completely different from the one I’ve at present, in massive measure as a result of it was a distinct time and a time after we had been making an attempt to determine all this out.

We put hashish on Schedule 1—I feel mistakenly—and we’ve been coping with all the results of that mistake for many years. That led me to grow to be way more engaged at present. My solely remorse is that I wasn’t extra engaged and extra knowledgeable at a a lot earlier stage in my life.

Was there a eureka second for you on this concern?

I feel one of many pivotal moments was to satisfy a number of the households who’ve seen the medical benefits of hashish already and given me their private attestations to only how impactful it may be.

I’m a Vietnam-era veteran and served on the Home and Senate Veterans Committees. Veterans particularly who’ve struggled with PTSD and so many different points which can be war-related have discovered actual aid [with cannabis].

Whereas it’s anecdotal and never fully researched as I do know sometime it will likely be, I do consider that there’s an infinite well being implication right here. If there was a eureka second for me, that was a part of it. 

South Dakota has a number of the most draconian anti-marijuana laws on the books. Why did the state find yourself with such excessive legal guidelines?

In each state, we see the product of management and the positions taken by state legislature and governors—and we’ve had very, very conservative state legislators and governors for a lot of, a few years. It goes all the best way again to the mid-70s, the final time we had a Democratic governor in South Dakota. Nearly 50 years.

That’s a part of it, a political agenda that doesn’t essentially mirror the folks of the state. It’s the one-party dominance I might assert that has led to lots of the positions taken by the state of South Dakota.

Do you see hashish reform as a bipartisan concern? I really feel prefer it’s usually framed that manner, however on the similar time it appears as hyper-polarized as each different concern proper now.

It’s an fascinating query. It is dependent upon what context you’re referring to. If you happen to’re referring to elected officers, it doesn’t seem like very bipartisan, although there are Republicans and Democrats which have taken management roles.

“South Dakota is a really conservative state. And but there’s an actual probability it might move each medical marijuana and leisure hashish this 12 months.”—Tom Daschle

If you happen to have a look at it on the premise of what the folks consider, there’s sturdy bipartisan assist for hashish modernization and legalization.

South Dakota is an effective instance. It’s a really conservative state, it’s a crimson state. It’s going to vote for one more Republican state legislature. And but I feel there’s an actual probability it might move each medical marijuana and leisure hashish this 12 months. 

South Dakota couldn’t do this had been it not for the truth that Republicans and Democrats and Independents all assist it. On the grassroots stage there appears to be broad bipartisan assist; on the elected stage, not a lot.

What are probably the most compelling arguments for South Dakotans particularly with regards to legalization?

I feel there could also be 4 completely different causes that South Dakotans seem like very supportive of legalization. I don’t put them essentially in any order of precedence.

South Dakota will not be a really rich state. It’s struggling economically for lots of causes: the COVID state of affairs; agriculture will not be what it ought to be; the deep recession we’re going through is closing plenty of small companies in South Dakota. We estimate, and the South Dakota Legislative Analysis Council estimates, that [legalization] might generate maybe as a lot as $250 million in new tax income by 2030 [Note: the report itself only accounts for the years up through Fiscal Year 2024.] 

That’s huge. It will be an enormous consequential affect on the South Dakota fiscal state of affairs at present. So the primary [reason] is the income stream that legalizing hashish might produce. 

The second is that we anticipate simply because it has accomplished in different states, we might see an enormous surge in tourism. Vacationer {dollars} cycle by means of all the economic system and I feel you might see a big improve in South Dakota as we’ve seen in Colorado and plenty of different states.

The third is one I’m notably occupied with: the place legislation enforcement officers focus their efforts. They may focus them on critical crimes as an alternative of on younger individuals who have had the misfortune of being caught [with cannabis]. I feel this’ll unclog our courts and our jails and our jail system and save tax {dollars} as effectively. That to me is a really compelling argument. That argument resonates with plenty of youthful South Dakotans, particularly.

Lastly, the place we now have seen legalization already, overwhelmingly we discover folks in these states have come to assist it by greater than a 2 to 1 ratio. I feel in Colorado it’s a 4 to 1 ratio. They thought it was a good suggestion when it handed and now consider much more strongly that it was the fitting selection.

For all these causes I feel South Dakotans are more and more comfy with this notion, and hopefully we’re going to see a optimistic vote quickly.

Max Savage Levenson's Bio Image

Max Savage Levenson

Max Savage Levenson doubtless has the bottom hashish tolerance of any author on the hashish beat. He additionally writes about music for Pitchfork, Bandcamp and different bespectacled folks. He co-hosts The Hash podcast. His dream interview is Tyler the Creator.

View Max Savage Levenson’s articles